Ebola in the US: The importance of proper infection control

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With the first case of Ebola in the United States many are asking – what should I do?

The director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Dr. Thomas Frieden, assures the public “I have no doubt that we’ll stop this in its tracks in the U.S.” and that “The United States has a strong health care system and public health professionals who will make sure this case does not threaten our communities.”

Symptoms

The tricky part about the Ebola virus is the symptom similarities to meningitis, cholera or other viral hemorrhagic fevers. These symptoms may appear within 2-21 days after infection and some of these are similar to flu symptoms. The symptoms are:

  • High fever
  • Headache
  • Joint/muscle aches
  • Sore throat
  • Weakness
  • Stomach pain
  • Lack of appetite

Transmission

When someone is sick with Ebola, the virus can be spread through direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with:

  • Blood
  • Other body fluids, such as urine, feces, saliva, sweat, vomit, breast milk and semen
  • Objects (such as needles and syringes) that are contaminated with the virus

Handling unsterilized needles or medical equipment that were used by the infected person, having unprotected sex with an infected person, and touching blood or other body fluids and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes are other ways in which a person can catch Ebola.

Ebola is not transmitted through the air, food or water.

Infection Control

One of the main reasons for such massive spread in the countries affected is lack of proper infection control during the early stages of infection. Additionally, practicing best practices for early recognition of this virus, proper isolation procedures are also pivotal to ensure it doesn’t spread. Infection can also occur post-mortem, leaving family members and other medical personnel at even more risk, especially if post-mortem procedures don’t include infection control.

So what exactly is “infection control”? In addition to best practices to avoid any virus that is not airborne, it includes proper sanitary restroom cleaning, proper hand hygiene and avoiding sick individuals.

The CDC recommends the following for hospitals that have a patient infected with the Ebola virus. (Read the entire guidelines page here.)

  • Patient isolation.
  • Use of gloves, gown, shoe covers, eye protection and eye mask.
  • Aerosol-generating procedures.
  • Environmental infection control (proper cleaning of surfaces that have been covered in body fluids or tissues). This cleaning should be done with correct bodily protection.

Sealed Air (part of Diversey Care and a Coverall partner), recommends use of hospital-grade disinfectants, wipes and multi-surface cleaners against enveloped viruses, including Ebola.    

What to Remember

 

 

 

Post Author: Natalia Rex
Natalia Rex is the Digital Marketing Coordinator for Coverall. In 2012 she earned her Master of Arts degree in Communication. Her background includes instruction, social media, publication and visual arts.

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